1970 - 2016

Agnes Löwinger Tennenbaum


Born in 1922 in a small town north of Budapest, Agnes says, “I grew up in a happy home. I had so much love, so much attention.” Her father, Arnold Löwinger, was born in New York to Hungarian parents, but his parents returned to Hungary when he was a child. Arnold came to own the largest department store in Miskolc. Her mother, Malvina, came from a distinguished Italian Jewish family. Agnes had an older sister, Magdalena, and an older brother, Sandor.

At the age of seventeen, Agnes married Andrew Weinberger, an assistant district attorney. Shortly thereafter, both her husband and father were drafted by the Hungarian Army. Upon their return, Andrew, who had contracted tuberculosis, was sent to a sanitarium. Agnes never saw him again.

The Germans occupied Hungary in 1943. Magdalena had been traveling by train to another city when the Jewish passengers were removed, taken to the Danube River, and shot. A decade later, Agnes learned that Magdalena had jumped into the river before being shot, had swum to the opposite bank and found refuge with the Swedish Embassy. Agnes and the rest of the family were sent to a ghetto created in Miskolc, and later to a brick factory outside of town. “In the middle of the night, the Nazis brought in the Chief Rabbi of the village. I heard the screaming. They beat him to death.”

The family became separated upon deportation. Arnold and Sandor were sent to Auschwitz first, never to be seen again. Agnes, her mother, aunt and Cousin Edith were sent days later on a grueling, two-day train trip to Auschwitz. During the selection, only her mother was sent to the left, which Agnes later learned meant she was killed in the gas chambers. Her aunt was sent to work in the forest where she was forced to dig her own grave and shot. Agnes and Edith were sent to Allendorf, a labor camp in Germany where they made munitions in an underground factory. The conditions were brutal; one guard tried to rape her. In March 1945, Agnes and Edith were liberated by American troops.

Agnes made her way to Munich where she married Berek Schwarzberg, also a survivor. They had a son, Henry, in 1947 and moved to America in 1949. Agnes later divorced and married another survivor, David Tennenbaum, who died in 1985. Agnes moved to Mobile in 2006 to live with her son and his family.

Agnes is very proud of her Jewish heritage. She vows to pass on the memory of those who did not survive through her poetry, writing, and public speaking.


Addendum:  Agnes Tennenbaum passed away on May 30, 2016.

Darkness Into Life

Claritas est etiam processus dynamicus, qui sequitur mutationem consuetudium lectorum. Mirum est notare quam littera gothica, quam nunc putamus parum claram, anteposuerit litterarum formas humanitatis per seacula quarta decima et quinta decima. Eodem modo typi, qui nunc nobis videntur parum clari, fiant sollemnes in futurum.

Online Exhibit

More Information

Name in US
Agnes Löwinger Tennenbaum
Name at Birth
Esther Löwinger
Married Name
Agnes Löwinger Tennenbaum
Parents' Name

Malvina (died June 1944) and Arnold Löwinger

Date of Birth - Note
December 9, 1922
Country of Birth
City of Birth
Sibling(s) Name(s)

Magdalena Löwinger, half-sister
Sandor Löwinger, half-brother

Spouse(s) Name(s)

Endre (Andrew) Weinberger

Berek (Bernard) Schwarzberg
(August 29, 1907, Sosnowitz, Poland – March 23, 1984 Phoenix, AZ)
Married 1972

David Tennenbaum
Married March 27, 1977 in Los Angeles
(Died 1985)

Children's Names

Henry Schwarzberg (Diane Kelly)

Religious Identity (Prewar)
Conservative Judaism
Religious Identity (Postwar)
Not affiliated
Ghetto(s) / Year(s)

Miskolc, Hungary

Camp(s) / Year(s)

Auschwitz II-Birkenau (Poland)
Allendorf (Germany)

Forced (Death) Marches

From Allendorf Labor Camp

Liberated By / Date
From Allendorf Labor Camp
Location of Liberation


DP Camp(s) / Year(s)


Other Experiences

Wrote her memoir, “A Girl Named Rose: My Holocaust Journey”

Also has penned another book of poems and short stories

Interviewed by the SHOAH Foundation

Year / City / Ship to US
February 11, 1949 / Boston / SS Marine Flasher
Date Moved to Alabama
Alabama City of Residence
Date of Death
May 30, 2016
City of Death
City of Burial / Cemetery
Mobile / Ahavas Chesed Cemetery
Dates Lived in Alabama