1970 - 2011

Pauline Rachman Schuster

Biography

Born in Uman, Ukraine in 1919, Pauline was the middle of 5 children in the well-respected Rachman household. Her father, Levy, was a local commodities broker. He bought wheat and other products from local producers and sold them to consumers. He also traded in currency. The family’s relative prosperity in Uman was easily identified by the presence of an occasionally working electric light in their house. They also owned a milk cow.

By 1933, Stalin had collectivized the local farms and closed down all local Jewish institutions. Levy was briefly arrested for the crimes of capitalism and speculation. The synagogue was shuttered and Pauline proudly recalled how the Torah was entrusted to her father for safe keeping. As the Communist policies took hold, farm production diminished and severe famine set in. People died of hunger daily and Pauline recalled schoolmates dying from hunger.

Pauline was a weak student and her parents thought it best to send her to Moscow to live with relatives. There would be one less mouth to feed and perhaps she would be able to work and help support the family. By 1942, Pauline learned that her older brother, David, had died in the Soviet Army and the rest of her entire family had been murdered by the Nazi Einzaztgruppen during their occupation of Uman.

Pauline worked throughout the war in a number of Soviet labor camps including a lumber operation in Siberia. She seemed to have a knack for numbers and often worked as an accounting clerk. In 1943, she was relocated to Stalingrad where she met and eventually married Judel Schuster.

After the war, with the help of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, they traveled westward in search of Judel’s relatives. They ultimately reunited with Judel’s brother Itzhak in a displaced persons camp in Italy. After 2 1/2 years in the DP camp they were given permission to immigrate to the United States.

They arrived in the U.S. in December 1949 with their first baby, Larry, in tow. Pauline raised 3 children and lived to see 7 grandchildren. She died in 2011 in Birmingham, Alabama.

More Information

Name in US
Pauline Rachman Schuster
Name at Birth
Pesia Rachman
Yiddish Name
Pesia
Married Name
Pauline Schuster
Parents' Name

Levy Rachman

Date of Birth - Note
October 10, 1919
Country of Birth
Ukraine
City of Birth
Uman
Sibling(s) Name(s)

David Rachman

Spouse(s) Name(s)

Judel (Julius) Schuster
(1919 Sarny, Poland – 1997 Birmingham, AL)
Married April 30, 1945 in Stalingrad

Children's Names

Larry Schuster
Born 1949 in Netuno, Italy

Esther Schuster
Born 1951 in Buffalo, NY

Abraham (Abe) Schuster
Born 1958 in Buffalo, NY

Religious Identity (Prewar)
Jewish
Religious Identity (Postwar)
Jewish
DP Camp(s) / Year(s)

Anzio Beach Colony, Italy

Year / City / Ship to US
December 22, 1949 / New York City / USAT General A. W. Greely
Date Moved to Alabama
1989
Alabama City of Residence
Birmingham
Date of Death
July 14, 2011
City of Death
Birmingham
City of Burial / Cemetery
Birmingham / Elmwood Cemetery
Dates Lived in Alabama
1989-2011